Rich in history and culture, India is an incredibly fascinating
country to visit. It has so much to offer in terms of astonishing World
Heritage Sites, delicious cuisine, as well as some amazing shopping. A great
place to start exploring this captivating country is in the north, though
before you pack your bags and jet on over, here are some guidelines to keep in
mind when visiting the diverse, northern regions of India.
To begin your journey, a tour through Old Delhi is a great way for
exploring and getting to know the culture. There are many tourist attractions
in the forms of forts, mosques, palaces, and temples. One such place is the
majestic Red Fort, a World Heritage Site.
Travelling southwest from Delhi, you will find yourself in the
famous Pink city of Jaipur. Capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is definitely worth a
few days stay. It has a number of forts and monuments, such as the Hawa Mahal
(Palace of Winds), Amber Fort, City Palace, as well as the famous observatory, Jantar Mantar, (World
Heritage Site). The list is endless!
Agra, situated in the Uttar Pradesh state, is famous for its three World
Heritage Sites - the Agra Fort,
Fatehpur Sikiri, and of course the majestic Taj Mahal. A trip to India
is not complete without a visit to the Taj Mahal. It is open every day of the
week except for a Friday, and the best time for visiting the site is early in
the morning or late in the afternoon when the sun casts the best light, perfect
Another popular tourist destination is Khajuraho. This town has the
largest group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples that are famously referred to
as the ‘Karma Sutra’ temples because of the beautifully ornate erotic
sculptures that adorn the walls of the temples. The collection of temples in
Khajuraho are listed as World Heritage Sites and are considered to be one of the
‘seven wonders’ of India.
No trip to Northern India would be complete without visiting
Varanasi, situated on the banks of the Ganges River. A wonderful way to witness
the daily routine of the locals is to take a morning and evening boat ride out
onto the Ganges. However, do take precaution and do not bathe in the water, let
alone drink it. There is an incredibly high amount of pollution in the water.
Indian food is widely recognised for its gorgeous, aromatic curries
and tasty breads. Delhi is home to the Mughlai cuisine and many of the
restaurants and food stalls reflect this influence in the forms of Tandoori
chicken, Butter chicken, Korma, and Biryani.
Almost every second street vendor sells deep-fried Pakhoras. These
delicious snacks come in a variety of flavours, such as chilli, vegetable, and
There is a very popular Rajasthani dish called a Dhal Bati Churma,
which is highly recommended for any visitor to try. This dish consists of three
types of dhal (lentils), ranging from mild to extra hot and spicy, three
different types of bati (bread), and three varieties of churma (sweet dish).
Curried vegetables, yoghurt, and rice also accompanied the dish. The whole meal
only costs 225 Rupees, which is about $5/£3. Indian food is incredibly cheap
(and incredibly tasty as well!).
Keeping with the trend of local dishes, the drink to order is a
lassi. This yoghurt drink is made by blending yoghurt, water and spices
together and can either be plain, sweet, salty, or with mango. On the other
hand, do not drink the tap water in India, even when brushing your teeth. Only
drink from store-bought bottles and those supplied in the hotel.
The transport in India is quite an experience in itself and there is
one mode of getting around that definitely deserves to be mentioned. If you are
brave enough you can attempt an auto-rickshaw. These small, two-passenger
contraptions go whizzing through the streets of India, in whichever direction
they so please. Road rules do not seem to apply in some situations and
approaching on-coming traffic is normal, apparently.
Sometimes it is best to keep your eyes closed while the driver winds
his way through the bustling, chaotic streets, with one hand firmly on the
hooter and the other gripping the steering wheel. I must admit that they are a
very convenient, cheap way to get from way place to another, though the driving
skills are somewhat left to be desired.
India can seem quite over-whelming at first, mainly due to the
incredible amount of people everywhere. In the crowded cities of Delhi, Jaipur,
Agra, and Varanasi, there are some instances when you may have to literally rub
shoulders with locals while walking through the streets, markets, and trains.
The best advice is to go with the general flow of the crowd, and if it becomes
too intense, then you can ‘escape’ into a restaurant or shop for some peace and
The extremely high level of noise is another factor, with the hooting
of vehicles being the major source. Even when traffic comes to a standstill,
people sit with their hands on hooters. It is quite the culture shock at first,
but eventually it becomes a background noise and one can hardly notice it.
Another aspect are the animals. In Old Delhi you will be crossing
roads with dogs, goats, pigs and cows. While in Varanasi the water buffalo
serenely sun-bathe themselves along the Ganges river. With that said, make sure
you wear closed, comfortable shoes (preferably not new) when walking through
the streets, because you never know what you might step in, around or over.
Something else that might not be seen as a common sight are the open
cremations in Varanasi. Only men are allowed to attend the ceremony and out of
respect you are not allowed to take photos while walking past. However, if you
are on a boat on the Ganges and you are keen on taking a photo, then there is the
opportunity if you are a good distance away. It is best not to look too closely
at the cremation, because you might happen to spot a foot sticking out of the
burning fire, and the smell of burnt hair can be a bit off putting.
Indians are incredibly friendly, gracious, and humble people. They
are a close-knit community and personal space is, in most situations, not an
The younger generations like to practise their English whenever
possible. If you find yourself in a queue, on the train, or even at a food
market, they might start asking you questions such as your name, where you are
from, are you married, do you have children, etcetera. This may seem very
personal and forward of them, but they are merely doing it to be friendly and
ultimately practise their English skills at the same time.
The people of India will make you feel incredibly welcome in their
country, and your journey will feel much more special and meaningful because of
their generous hospitality.
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About the Author: Thea Felmore
Ever since the travel bug bit 10 years ago, I have been travelling the world visiting fascinating and captivating countries. When I am not gallivanting around the globe, you will find me at home in Cape Town, writing eagerly about my adventures and saving up for my next trip. Between that I manage to fit in time for my BA degree studies in English and part-time job. With my enthusiasm and eagerness for travelling, along with my passion for writing, I hope to one day have a full-time profession in travel writing.
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